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Protecting contemporary cultural soundscapes as intangible cultural heritage: sounds of Istanbul


Abstract:

This paper aims to evaluate culture and traditions of everyday life from a sonic perspective and to suggest ways for protecting characteristic sounds and soundscapes. This multidisciplinary research, having roots in such fields as soundscape studies, intangible cultural heritage (ICH), museum studies and sensory studies, explores the larger contemporary cultural soundscape of Istanbul. This paper also draws on the project The Soundscape of Istanbul (https://soundscapeofistanbul.ku.edu.tr/), which is archiving the contemporary elements of the cultural soundscape of Istanbul that were determined by public contribution, and outlines examples from this collection. Sounds constitute an inevitable part of daily life and are therefore very important as ICH. Thus, they deserve to be protected to strengthen cultural memory. However, sonic culture is twice endangered due to the physical characteristics of sound itself and the dynamic structure of intangible culture. Therefore, urgent protection of contemporary cultural soundscapes in the context of ICH is crucial for transferring the present sonic environments to following generations in order to maintain cultural identity.


Article link:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13527258.2016.1138237





Towards a Sustainable Crowdsourced Sound Heritage Archive by Public Participation: The Soundsslike Project


Abstract:

This paper explains how user-centered design approach shapes a cultural heritage project in the sustainability context. The project aims to protect urban sounds as intangible cultural heritage elements and turn the action of protecting sounds into a collaborative work. Sounds are of great significance in daily urban life and in culture as they carry emotions and awaken cultural memories. Thus, they deserve to be protected and transferred to next generations. In this paper, we first evaluate soundscapes as an intangible cultural heritage element, second we explore the presentation techniques in soundscape studies in the literature, then we explain how the methods implemented step by step, and finally we introduce the two outcomes: the library archive (The Soundscape of Istanbul project) and the crowdsourced web archive (The Soundsslike project). The Soundscape of Istanbul project aims to collect and archive cultural and urban sounds of the city while The Soundsslike project is basically a crowdsourced online sound archive which invites people to record symbolic urban sounds and upload them to the online sound archive. This online platform was built and displayed in an exhibition by means of an interactive tabletop interface to learn more from users and contributors, and to enrich the archive content by raising public awareness of urban sounds.


Article link:
http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2971492&dl=ACM&coll=DL&CFID=691291159&CFTOKEN=40733265





The Soundscape of Istanbul: Exploring the Public Awareness of Urban Sounds


Abstract:

The Soundscape of Istanbul project aims to ex- plore urban sounds of Istanbul since they form a significant part of intangible cultural heritage (ICH) and to protect them by creating an archive for sounds of Istanbul’s urban culture. We conducted primary source research followed by an online survey and interviews in order to specify culturally significant urban sounds and to define the archive content. Besides gath- ering data for archive content, we obtained a pattern demon- strating the level of awareness of urban and cultural sounds of Istanbul from the viewpoint of residents and foreigners. This paper discusses the pattern drawn from the results of the online survey that shows which sounds are primarily recog- nized and which ones less so, and put forward possible reasons for this outcome. This paper is intended to lay the groundwork for further research on which culturally significant urban sounds need more attention and how to increase awareness of the most important sounds for a sustainable urban culture.


Article link:
http://www.ijssh.org/vol7/831-KH0010.pdf





Designing an experiential exhibition for raising public awareness of cultural sounds to safeguard the sonic intangible cultural heritage values


Abstract:

This paper outlines an experiential exhibition which intends to increase public awareness of cultural sounds of Istanbul. Since intangible cultural heritage (ICH) elements can only be safeguarded within society, it is necessary that the society is aware of cultural values and conscious about their protection. For this, we designed an exhibition to emphasize the cultural significance of urban sounds via sonic experiences. We used experience design in the exhibition, as experience is one of the most powerful ways of conveying a message. This experiential exhibition may lead to a raise in public awareness of urban sounds which will hopefully triggers protecting cultural values voluntarily and help turning the action of collecting and archiving urban sounds into a collaborative work.



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